Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous Central Asian country that borders on Kazakhstan on the north, Uzbekistan on the west, Tajikistan on the south and China on its East and South-East. Kyrgyzstan withdrew from the USSR in 1991 and since then it is considered to be a democratic Parliamentary Republic. The population of the country can make about 6 million inhabitants and occupies an area of 198.500 km2 and Bishkek, (formerly called Frunze), is a capital city with more that 1 million inhabitants.
17% of Russians, 13% are Uzbeks, Ukrainians, Germans and Tartars.
40% of the population is under 14 years old and 8% is older than 60 years old.
As soon as Kyrgyzstan received its independence there started an extensive emigration of ethnic Russians and Germans started because of the increasing number of unemployed and Kyrgyz nationalism.
Religion (Kyrgyzstan does not have a state religion, however, the most practiced religions include Islam (of Sunni branch), and Russian Orthodox.
The Kyrgyz language has a status of a state language. The official is Russian (in a wide use especially in Bishkek area).
According to the statistics done in 1995: men live at average to 63.9 and women up to 72.6
The Kyrgyz Parliament ("Jogorku Kenesh") is characterized by a single chamber consisting of 120 members.
(Since Kyrgyzstan received its independence the formation of the Jogorku Kenesh changed several times - sometime with a single chamber and at other times with two chambers: the Legislative Assembly (Lower House, 60 members) and the Assembly of People's Representatives (Upper House, 45 members))
Parliament is elected every 5 years.
are National Flag and Emblem.
The country is divided into 8 administrative districts and seven regions (called "oblasts"):
with the capital city of Bishkek.
The oblasts count 39 counties (called rayons). Bishkek has 4 counties. Therefore rayons consist of 429 local communities (Ail okmotu).
Membership of international organizations:
United Nations (and its specialized agencies such as UNDP, UNESCO, UNICEF, UNIDO, UNHCR), IOM, WHO, FAO, ILO; CIS, GIS, Central Asian Economic Community, ECO, World Bank, IMF, EBRD, IDB, ICAO, OECD, OSCE, Intelsat, WTO - World Trade Organization, WTO World Tourism Organization, Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).
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