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General facts

General information

 

Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous Central Asian country that borders on Kazakhstan on the north, Uzbekistan on the west, Tajikistan on the south and China on its East and South-East. Kyrgyzstan withdrew from the USSR in 1991 and since then it is considered to be a democratic Parliamentary Republic. The population of the country can make about 6 million inhabitants and occupies an area of 198.500 km2   and  Bishkek, (formerly called Frunze), is a capital city with more that 1 million inhabitants.

Longitude
Bishkek - 74 (East reminding New Delhi).

Latitude
Bishkek - 42 (North common to Istanbul, Madrid, New York.

Elevation
Highest point is spotted at Victory Peak (7437 m)
Lowest point is the Laikal district in the Ferghana Valley (401 m)
Average  is 2750 m
Bishkek is at 750 m
93% of the territory of Kyrgyzstan takes place higher than 1500 meters, and 41%- above 3000m.

Area
The total area of Kyrgyzstan makes up 198,500 sq. km (76641 sq. miles)
it can be similar to England and can be common to Portugal, Switzerland, Belgium and the Netherlands.
Length from East to West is 925 km and from North to South- 453 km
The total length of Kyrgyzstan's borders reaches to 4508 km.

Neighboring Countries
are China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

Population
over five million people
density 24 per sq. km    
38% making urban, 62% - rural
51% - female, 49% - male
Almost every sixth of the population lives in Bishkek.
Over 50% of the population is ethnic Kyrgyz people among the other 70 nationalities. The main ones are:     

 17% of Russians, 13% are Uzbeks, Ukrainians, Germans and Tartars.
40% of the population is under 14 years old and 8% is older than 60 years old.
As soon as Kyrgyzstan received its independence there started an extensive emigration of ethnic Russians and Germans started because of the increasing number of unemployed and Kyrgyz nationalism.

Religion (Kyrgyzstan does not have a state religion, however, the most practiced religions include Islam (of Sunni branch), and Russian Orthodox.

Languages
The Kyrgyz language has a status of a state language. The official is Russian (in a wide use especially in Bishkek area).

Life Expectancy
According to the statistics done in 1995: men live at average to 63.9 and women up to 72.6

Parliament:
The Kyrgyz Parliament ("Jogorku Kenesh") is characterized by a single chamber consisting of 120 members.
(Since Kyrgyzstan received its independence the formation of the Jogorku Kenesh changed several times - sometime with a single chamber and at other times with two chambers: the Legislative Assembly (Lower House, 60 members) and the Assembly of People's Representatives (Upper House, 45 members))
Parliament is elected every 5 years.

National symbols
are National Flag and Emblem.

Administrative structure:
The country is divided into 8 administrative districts and seven regions (called "oblasts"):
Chu Oblast,
Issyk-Kul Oblast,
Talas Oblast,
Naryn Oblast,
Osh Oblast,
Djalal-Abad Oblast,
Batken Oblast,
with the capital city of Bishkek.
The oblasts count 39 counties (called rayons). Bishkek has 4 counties. Therefore rayons consist of 429 local communities (Ail okmotu).

Membership of international organizations:
United Nations (and its specialized agencies such as UNDP, UNESCO, UNICEF, UNIDO, UNHCR), IOM, WHO, FAO, ILO; CIS, GIS, Central Asian Economic Community, ECO, World Bank, IMF, EBRD, IDB, ICAO, OECD, OSCE, Intelsat, WTO - World Trade Organization, WTO World Tourism Organization, Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).
 
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